Escitalopram, known by the brand name Lexapro, falls under the category of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Its mechanism of action involves elevating serotonin levels in the brain, a crucial neurotransmitter that plays a pivotal role in modulating mood and anxiety. By enhancing serotonin’s presence, Lexapro aims to bring about a positive impact on individuals grappling with mood disorders and anxiety-related challenges.
This augmentation of serotonin levels is at the core of how Lexapro operates as an antidepressant and anxiolytic medication. Its ability to restore a healthier balance of neurotransmitters contributes to the relief of symptoms and the restoration of emotional well-being. It’s important to note that while SSRIs like Lexapro are generally well-tolerated, consultation with a healthcare provider is crucial before initiating any treatment regimen.
A Lexapro treatment regimen involves a systematic approach guided by medical professionals. As an SSRI, Lexapro’s therapeutic journey commences with a thorough assessment of your medical history and mental health condition. The initial dosage is tailored to your needs, progressively adjusted based on your response, and monitored through regular follow-up appointments. The duration of treatment varies per individual, aiming for sustained improvement while managing potential side effects.
Consistency in dosage is crucial for effectiveness, and open communication with your healthcare provider is essential to address concerns and ensure optimal outcomes. When treatment concludes, a gradual discontinuation plan is typically advised. Through this structured regimen, Lexapro aims to enhance mental well-being while minimizing risks under professional guidance.
Ceasing the use of Lexapro (escitalopram) abruptly can lead to the emergence of withdrawal symptoms. Lexapro falls within the class of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), which have been historically linked to withdrawal effects. While these symptoms are often referred to as antidepressant discontinuation syndrome by medical professionals, some argue that this term might downplay the severity of the issue.
If you, in consultation with your doctor, have chosen to discontinue your medication, the process can be challenging. Common withdrawal symptoms encompass sensations of dizziness, muscle tension, chills, episodes of crying, and cognitive fogginess. These symptoms highlight the complexities of transitioning away from SSRIs and underscore the importance of gradual, guided withdrawal strategies.
You may experience nausea, dry mouth, difficulty sleeping, constipation, tiredness, drowsiness, dizziness, and increased sweating as potential side effects. Should any of these effects persist or worsen, promptly inform your doctor.
It’s important to recognize that this medication was prescribed because your doctor has determined that its benefits outweigh the risks of side effects. The majority of individuals using this medication do not experience severe side effects.
However, alert your doctor immediately if you encounter significant side effects, such as reduced interest in sex, changes in sexual function, or heightened bleeding or bruising tendencies.
For very severe side effects, seek medical assistance without delay. These could include black stools, fainting, rapid or irregular heartbeat, vomit resembling coffee grounds, seizures, eye discomfort, swelling, redness, enlarged pupils, or visual changes (e.g., seeing rainbows around lights at night, blurred vision). Your doctor’s guidance is essential in managing and addressing any unexpected effects of the medication.
Prior to initiating escitalopram, it’s essential to inform your doctor or pharmacist about any allergies you have, be it to escitalopram, citalopram, or other substances. Inactive ingredients within the product can trigger allergic reactions or other issues, necessitating a discussion with your pharmacist for comprehensive details.
Furthermore, before using this medication, communicate your medical history to your doctor or pharmacist, specifically any instances of bipolar/manic-depressive disorder in yourself or your family, history of suicide attempts, liver disease, seizures, bleeding disorders, low blood sodium levels (hyponatremia), or a personal/family history of glaucoma of the angle-closure type.
Escitalopram has the potential to induce a condition that affects heart rhythm, known as QT prolongation. While this occurrence is rare, it can lead to serious, potentially fatal irregular heartbeats and accompanying symptoms like severe dizziness or fainting. If such symptoms manifest, swift medical attention is necessary. This emphasizes the importance of comprehensive medical history disclosure and vigilant monitoring during escitalopram usage.
The medicine can be kept in a cool, dry place. Advised to keep away from children. Kindly check the expiry date before using.